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Контрольная работа 5 Вариант 5

Дата сдачи: Апрель 2012


I. Найдите в следующих предложениях инфинитив. Определите его форму и функцию и переведите предложения на русский язык.

Пример. The first thing for me to do is to phone him and ask his advice. — Первое, что я должен сделать, это позвонить ему и попросить у него совета.

for me to do - for-phrase – инфинитивный комплекс в функции подлежащего, Indefinite Active.

1. The work is too difficult to be completed in time.

2. They demanded to be shown the documents,

3. It'll be difficult for us to settle this matter.

4. The girl pretended to be reading a book.

II. Поставьте инфинитив в нужную форму, т.е. соответствующую временную группу и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

Пример. He must (to be tired out) yesterday. He must have been tired out. – Он, должно быть, очень устал вчера.

1. Here is the list of medicines (not to sell) without a prescription.

2. Why not (to start out) now? We cannot wait for the weather (to charge).

3. It is so thoughtful of you (to book) the tickets well in advance.

4. It seems (to rain) ever since we came here.

III. Переведите на английский язык, используя разные видовременные формы и функции инфинитива.

При переводе глагол в личной форме придаточного предложения может стать инфинитивом.

1. На этот вопрос нелегко ответить.

2. Он удивил нас тем, что ушел, не попрощавшись.

3. Все дети любят, чтобы их водили в цирк.

4. Мы остановились, чтобы спросить, как пройти к озеру.

IV. Определите, подчеркнув, объективный и субъективный инфинитивные обороты (Complex Object и Complex Subject) и переведите предложения на русский язык.

Примеры: 1)I know him to be very pleasant to deal with. -Complex Object. – Я знаю, что с ним очень приятно иметь дело.

2) They are believed to have achieved good results. - Complex Subject. Считают, что они достигли хороших результатов.

1.Don't worry about him, he is sure to be having a good time at the moment.

2. They are supposed to have been experimenting this field for about a year.

3. You should ask someone to help you.

4. The teacher expected her to give a better answer at the ex­amination.

V. Переведите письменно текст.

Помните о переводе инфинитива и инфинитивных оборотов в зависимости от функций в предложении.

The Open University

"The Open University" was up in 1967. -Most of its students work at home or in full-time jobs and can study only in their free time. They need to study about ten hours a week. As the university is truly "open", there are no formal entry requirements (none of the usual "A" Level examinations are asked for), and students are accepted on a "first come, first served" basis. This is one of the more revolutionary aspects of the university.

Returning to "school" is difficult for most students, for they have forgotten - or never knew - how to study, to write essays, and to prepare for exams. In addition to all the reading and writing assign-ments, students have got a lot of watching and listening to do, for there are weekly O.U. lectures broadcast on BBC television and radio.

To keep people from just giving up or collapsing under all this work, each student gets the help and support of his own tutor / coun­sellor, who he meets regularly and can telephone in any crisis or difficulty. The final mark is based on the exam and the written assign­ments done during the year.

VI. Напишите и ответьте на вопрос к тексту.

“Why is it difficult for most students to return to "School"?" 

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