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250.00

1 3


: 2012

III

I. .

a fact, a day, a plane, a sheep, a postman, a tooth, a phenomenon.

II. .

1. .

2. ?

3. – .

III. to do, to be, to have .

1.... you work that evening?

2. Where ... they going today?

3. Tom ... not work in the evenings.

4. Barbara ... breakfast at home yesterday.

IV. , .

1. There are some mistakes in his dictation.

2. There is not a hotel in this town.

V. , .

Nick plays chess rather well. He will be able to take part in competitions. Now he is to work much with his trainer.

VI. .

Along with the American emphasis on Individual freedom, the belief in equality has had a strong effect on the family. Alexis de Tocqueville saw the connection clearly in the 1830s. He said that in aristocratic societies inequality extends into the family, particularly to the father's relationship to his children. The father is accepted as ruler and master. The children's relations with him are very formal, and love for him is always combined with fear. In the United States, however, the democratic idea of equality destroys much of the father's status as ruler of the family and lessens the emotional distance between«father and children. There is less formal respect for, and fear of, the father. But there is more affection expressed toward him. "The master and constituted ruler have vanished,” said Tocqueville; "The father remains."

What Tocqueville said of American fathers and children a century and a half ago applies to relations between parents and children in the United States today.

VII. .

Does the democratic idea of equality destroy the father's status as master of the family?